A Review on the IoT-Powered Precision Agriculture as a Path to Tastier and Higher Yields of Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus)


Authors: W.M.A.M Ranasinghe, M.A. Rajendran, T. Jeyjenthan

Published in: Proceedings of 9th International Conference of Dry Zone Agriculture 2023

Publisher: Faculty of Technology Eastern University, Sri Lanka

In recent years, the agricultural industry has witnessed remarkable advancements through the incorporation of cutting-edge technologies. Precision agriculture, an innovative approach, has revolutionized farming practices by optimizing resource utilization and maximizing crop yield. This advanced summery explores the potential of an IoT-based platform for automated irrigation in improving watermelon quality, taste, and productivity, presenting a paradigm shift in the field of agriculture. Watermelon is an economically significant fruit, poses unique challenges for growers due to its specific water and nutrient requirements throughout its growth cycle. The conventional irrigation methods often lead to several challenges. By integrating precision agriculture principles into the cultivation of watermelon, farmers can overcome these challenges and achieve substantial benefits. The proposed “SenzAgro” IoT-based platform offers real-time data monitoring and control of crucial parameters such as soil moisture, temperature, humidity, and light intensity. Through wireless sensors installed within the fields, the system ensures precise irrigation, tailoring water delivery based on the actual needs of the watermelon plants. This dynamic irrigation schedule promotes optimal root development, leading to healthier plants and higher fruit quality. Moreover, the “SenzAgro” automated irrigation system can be fine-tuned to cater to specific watermelon varieties, enabling the production of sweeter, juicier, and more flavorful fruits. By maintaining the ideal balance of water and nutrients, the platform contributes to the enhancement of watermelon taste and overall consumer satisfaction. With real-time data insights and alerts provided with “SenzAgro” smart application tool, farmers can promptly respond to any environmental stressors or anomalies, safeguarding crops from potential losses and ensuring a consistent and bountiful harvest. Embracing this transformative technology not only benefits growers but also addresses the global challenge of food security, creating a promising future for agriculture as a whole.